The process of surface mining differs a bit from company to company but generally includes conditioning, separation and froth treatment. Conditioning starts the process of separating sand and bitumen and breaks apart any large pieces of oil sands. The oil sand is mixed with warm water -- called a slurry -- Upgrading oil sands and heavy oil is an essential part of oil sands development as it adds tremendous value to the raw resource. It allows it to be further processed into fuels and lubricants at existing refineries, and used as feedstock in petrochemical plants — most of which are not engineered to handle these heavy feedstock. We strive to create value for our oil and gas customers by reducing water and energy consumption, eliminating downtime, extending equipment life, and protecting the environment. In the oil and gas industry, obtaining the correct chemistry for your application can result in increased production, increased run time, Extracting bitumen from tar sands—and refining it into products like gasoline—is significantly costlier and more difficult than extracting and refining liquid oil. Common extraction methods include surface mining—where the extraction site is excavated—and “in-situ” mining, where steam is used to liquefy bitumen deep underground. Currently, 20% of oil sands reserves are accessible via mining techniques. Large shovels scoop the oil sand into trucks which then move it to crushers where the large clumps of earth are processed. Once the oil sand is crushed, hot water is added so it can be pumped to the extraction plant. Coking is the most severe thermal process used in the refinery to treat the very bottom-of-the-barrel of crude oil, i.e., vacuum residue. Because of the high severity of thermal cracking during coking, the residue feed is completely converted to gas, light and medium distillates, and coke with no production of residual oil.
Companies process bitumen into one of three products: SCO, dilbit, or synbit. SCO is the upgraded product that refineries can use as a substitute for crude oil.
1 Sep 2016 Refining of the crude oil into final products such as gasoline, lubricants and diluents. Traditionally, a majority of the bitumen produced in Alberta Suncor's oil sands business recovers bitumen through surface mining and steam injection technologies and upgrades it into refinery-ready crude oil products. 19 Feb 2016 Currently, 80% of oil sands reserves are accessible via in-situ techniques. or diluted in order to be pipelined and used as feedstock in refineries. from company to company, generally the process is broken down into two 9 Nov 2019 After recovering the oil, it is sent to refineries to create refined products Since then the process has evolved into the sophisticated methods we use to Advanced extraction techniques, such as oil sands mining and in situ 9 Nov 2019 Canada's oil sands are the largest deposit of crude oil on the planet. most developed and uses the most technologically advanced production processes. Some refining is done within the oil sands region or other Alberta Learn the oil sands process, from initial permit applications through to The remainder is sent to upgraders and refineries throughout North America. About 2
If all that oil is refined in BC, the Kitimat refinery would process more oil than is currently processed by Canada's largest oil refinery, the Irving refinery in Saint
9 May 2010 Tar sands crude is reaching British petrol stations, Greenpeace says. This article is BP is upgrading refineries to process oil from tar sands. 25 Oct 2011 But the face of the industry exploiting northern Canada's oil sands is enormous trucks for an extraction process that drills down hundreds of 20 May 2013 An initial refining process known as coking, which releases the oil from the tarlike bitumen in the oil sands, also leaves the petroleum coke, 8 Aug 2014 For the U.S., controversy over the tar sands is about Keystone XL of the regulatory approval process to transport the oil to refineries across PROCESS OVERVIEW Petroleum products are produced from the oil sands through 3 basic steps: Extraction of the bitumen from the oil sands, where the solids and water are removed. Upgrading of the heavy bitumen to a lighter, intermediate crude oil product.